Physics, Chemistry and Materials Science at the Nanoscale
Cite as: Polina Angelova, Armin Gölzhäuser. Carbon Nanomembranes, nano Online. (2018). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/nano.0075.00001
Cite as: Polina Angelova, Armin Gölzhäuser: Carbon Nanomembranes. In: Chemistry of Carbon Nanostructures. De Gruyter (2017). 1–29. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110284645-002
This chapter describes the formation and properties of one nanometer thick carbon nanomembranes (CNMs), made by electron induced cross-linking of aromatic self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). The cross-linked SAMs are robust enough to be released from the surface and placed on solid support or over holes as free-standing membranes. Annealing at ~1000K transforms CNMs into graphene accompanied by a change of mechanical stiffness and electrical resistance. The developed fabrication approach is scalable and provides molecular level control over thickness and homogeneity of the produced CNMs. The mechanisms of electron-induced cross-linking process are discussed in details. A variety of polyaromatic thiols: oligophenyls as well as small and extended condensed polycyclic hydrocarbons have been successfully employed, demonstrating that the structural and functional properties of the resulting nanomembranes are strongly determined by the structure of molecular monolayers. The mechanical properties of CNMs (Young’s modulus, tensile strength and prestress) are characterized by bulge testing. The interpretation of the bulge test data relates the Young’s modulus to the properties of single molecules and to the structure of the pristine SAMs. The gas transport through the CNM is measured onto polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) - thin film composite membrane. The established relationship of permeance and molecular size determines the molecular sieving mechanism of permeation through this ultrathin sheet.