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Abba

Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception

Aaron – Aniconism

Volume 1
Editor(s): Hans-Josef Klauck, Volker Leppin, Bernard McGinn, Choon-Leong Seow, Hermann Spieckermann, Barry Dov Walfish, Eric J. Ziolkowski
De Gruyter (Berlin, New York) 2012

The transliteration ἄββα appears in the Greek New Testament to represent the Aramaic ʾabbāʾ, both when Jesus addresses God as father (Mark 14 : 36) and when believers follow his example (Rom 8 : 15; Gal 4 : 6). In each of these passages, the transliteration is followed by a translation of “father” into Greek, but in the nominative rather than the vocative case. This is an example of an Aramaism, resulting from an attempt to render the determined Aramaic form into Greek.…

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