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Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception

Aaron – Aniconism

Volume 1
Editor(s): Hans-Josef Klauck, Volker Leppin, Bernard McGinn, Choon-Leong Seow, Hermann Spieckermann, Barry Dov Walfish, Eric J. Ziolkowski
De Gruyter (Berlin, New York) 2009

A descendant of Gad in the post-exilic period (1 Chr 5 : 15). This form of the name (MT ʿ Abdî ʾēl; LXX Αβδιηλ) occurs only here in the Bible and it is doubtful (as if “God is my servant”), but a variant of it, the correct form, ʿ Abdĕ ʾēl (properly ʿ abd- ʾēl ), is attested in Jer 36 : 26. The name is well attested in Amorite, Ugaritic, and Phoenician onomastica. It is etymologically explained as “Servant of God.”…

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