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Abbot, Ezra

Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception

Aaron – Aniconism

Volume 1
Editor(s): Hans-Josef Klauck, Volker Leppin, Bernard McGinn, Choon-Leong Seow, Hermann Spieckermann, Barry Dov Walfish, Eric J. Ziolkowski
de Gruyter (Berlin, New York) 2009

The prominent American biblical scholar Ezra Abbot (1819–1894) was professor of New Testament Criticism and Interpretation at Harvard from 1872–94. Abbot, a Unitarian, made a valuable contribution to the textual criticism of the Greek New Testament, often with significant theological implications; e.g., his meticulous analysis of Rom 9 : 5 demonstrated that the word “God” does not refer to Christ. In a major work, Abbot used external historic evidence to defend the Johannine authorship of the f…

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