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Abiathar

Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception

Aaron – Aniconism

Volume 1
Editor(s): Hans-Josef Klauck, Volker Leppin, Bernard McGinn, Choon-Leong Seow, Hermann Spieckermann, Barry Dov Walfish, Eric J. Ziolkowski
De Gruyter (Berlin, New York) 2012

Hebrew Bible/Old Testament

Christophe Nihan

1 Samuel 22 : 20–23 introduces Abiathar (MT ʾEbyātār ) as the son of Ahimelech (Αβιμελεχ), priest of Nob. According to this account, after king Saul commanded the massacre of the priests of Nob for supporting David (cf. 1 Sam 21 : 2–10) Abiathar was the sole survivor and fled to David with an ephod. Abiathar is then mentioned in two occasions as accompanying David and assisting him by using the ephod in order to obtain a divine oracle (1 Sam 23 : 6–13 and 30 : 7–8). After David’s accession to t…

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