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Aaron ben Elijah

Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception

Aaron – Aniconism

Volume 1
Editor(s): Hans-Josef Klauck, Volker Leppin, Bernard McGinn, Choon-Leong Seow, Hermann Spieckermann, Barry Dov Walfish, Eric J. Ziolkowski
De Gruyter (Berlin, New York) 2012

Religious philosopher, legal authority, commentator, and poet, Aaron ben Elijah “The Younger” of Nicomedia (1328?–1369) transformed Byzantine Karaite scholarship. An eclectic and a synthesizer, he drew equally upon Karaite and Rabbanite sources. His three major works, written in a fluent rabbinic Hebrew, are largely devoted to biblical exegesis. His theological summa, Sefer ʿEts ḥayyim (“The Tree of Life,” 1346), modeled on Moses Maimonides’ Guide of the Perplexed and the Muḥtawî of the Karaite…

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