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Aaron ben Joseph ha-Rofe

Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception

Aaron – Aniconism

Volume 1
Editor(s): Hans-Josef Klauck, Volker Leppin, Bernard McGinn, Choon-Leong Seow, Hermann Spieckermann, Barry Dov Walfish, Eric J. Ziolkowski
De Gruyter (Berlin, New York) 2009

Exegete, grammarian, and liturgist, Aaron ben Joseph “The Physician” or “the Elder” (flourished ca. 1300), set Byzantine Karaite literature on a new course. His commentary on the Pentateuch, his edition of the prayer book, and his concise Hebrew grammar (Kelil yofi ) proved enormously influential in the sectarian community. He also wrote commentaries on Former Prophets, Isaiah, Psalms (all extant) and Job (lost). In the introduction to his Torah commentary, Sefer ha-Mivḥar, he criticizes existi…

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