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En-Dor, Medium of

Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception

Dress – Essene Gate

Volume 7
Editor(s): Hans-Josef Klauck, Volker Leppin, Bernard McGinn, Choon-Leong Seow, Hermann Spieckermann, Barry Dov Walfish, Eric J. Ziolkowski
De Gruyter (Berlin, Boston) 2013

Hebrew Bible/Old Testament

Jürg Hutzli

According to 1 Sam 28:3–25, Saul consulted the deceased prophet Samuel through an anonymous “medium” (properly, “necromancer”) in En-Dor (Heb. ʿÊn Dôr) before Israel’s battle against the Philistines. The risen Samuel first reproaches Saul for disturbing his rest and then forecasts Israel’s defeat and Saul’s and his sons’ deaths.…

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